Eczema: causes and treatment
Eczema is a medical condition also known under the name atopic dermatitis. It’s an epidermis inflammation (epidermis is the outer skin layer) and the name comes from the Greek word ēkzema, which means “to boil over”. The term alone is used for more than one skin condition, which commonly share the same symptoms – dry skin, rashes, swelling of the skin, redness, itching, flaking, oozing, bleeding, cracking and blistering. Also, there can be some areas of the skin that are discolored. One in every nine people are diagnosed with eczema. It’s a persistent skin condition, sometimes persistent enough to withstand medication and treatment. There are different methods of treatment, and if you would like to know more about how to treat eczema, we suggest you continue reading.
Causes of eczema
The real causes for eczema still remain widely unknown. The only thing that is known is that it’s caused by a combination of environmental factors and genetics. There are some hypothesis that say the causes of asthma, allergic diseases and eczema could be an environment that is too clean, as there is not enough exposure to bacteria. This is a very important factor in the development of a person, and if not exposed to bacteria, have a higher risk of developing allergies or eczema. Some research found out that some people have it as a reaction to dust mite excrement, because five percent of people had antibodies that suggested dust mite allergies. Many people went through various treatments, but it can be quite persistent. Many of them wonder how to treat eczema, what’s the best way to do it.
How to treat eczema
All in all, atomic dermatitis is a condition that is very unpleasant. The subject of treatment involves several treatment methods, most working on the basis of immune system suppressing. The most used medication to treat eczema are corticosteroids. They are highly effective when it comes to controlling and suppressing the symptoms. Eczema itself is not treatable, it can’t be cured, but the symptoms and outbreaks can be kept at bay. Corticosteroids should only be used to treat episodes, and once the episode is under control, their use should be discontinued, as there are many side effects to them. Another treatment involves usage of topical immunosuppressants. They will suppress the immune system in the affected area only. Another treatment that has proven useful for treating these symptoms are systemic immunosuppressants, but they are only used in severe cases of eczema when there is no positive response to other medications.
The above mentioned medication is the most common way to respond to eczema. If you would like to know how to treat eczema with some medication that isn’t so prone to having severe side effects, you should use itch relief drugs and moisturizers, as this will help the skin heal up. If your eczema is severe and persistent, you will have to use some type of suppressant in order to get rid of the eczema episode.